|Synonyms||Artificial Almond Oil; Benzaldehyde FFC; Benzenecarbonal; Benzenecarboxaldehyde; Benzoic Acid Aldehyde; Benzoic Aldehyde; NSC 7917; Phenylformaldehyde; Phenylmethanal|
|Solubility||Chloroform, Methanol (Sparingly)|
|Category||Building Blocks; Miscellaneous;|
|Applications||Benzaldehyde, is mainly used as a precursor to other organic compounds, such as pharmaceuticals, and plastic additives.It is also the primary component of bitter almond oil and can be extracted from a number of other natural sources, and thus can be used for the almond flavor.|
|Not a dangerous good if item is equal to or less than 1g/ml and there is less than 100g/ml in the package|
Benzaldehyde is an organic compound with the molecular formula C7H6O. It is a colorless liquid with a characteristic almond-like odor. Benzaldehyde is widely used in the production of various organic compounds and is an important intermediate in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, fragrances, and flavorings.
Properties of Benzaldehyde
The physical and chemical properties of benzaldehyde are as follows:
- Molecular Weight: 106.12 g/mol
- Boiling Point: 179°C
- Melting Point: -26°C
- Density: 1.05 g/mL at 25°C
- Flash Point: 64°C
- Solubility: Slightly soluble in water, soluble in organic solvents such as ethanol and diethyl ether.
Synthesis of Benzaldehyde
There are several methods to synthesize benzaldehyde, but the most common method involves the oxidation of toluene in the presence of air or oxygen. The reaction proceeds through several intermediate steps, ultimately resulting in the formation of benzaldehyde. Benzaldehyde can also be synthesized by the hydrolysis of benzal chloride or the reaction of benzaldehyde with an oxidizing agent such as potassium permanganate.
Applications of Benzaldehyde
Benzaldehyde is a versatile compound that finds numerous applications in various industries. Let's take a closer look at some of the applications of benzaldehyde.
Benzaldehyde is used as a key intermediate in the synthesis of several important pharmaceuticals. For example, it is a precursor to the analgesic drug, benzocaine. It is also used in the synthesis of amphetamines, which are central nervous system stimulants.
Fragrances and Flavorings
Benzaldehyde is widely used in the fragrance and flavoring industry due to its characteristic almond-like odor. It is used in the production of various perfumes, colognes, and cosmetics. It is also used as a flavoring agent in foods such as cherry and almond extracts.
Benzaldehyde is used in the production of various agrochemicals, including herbicides and insecticides. For example, it is used in the synthesis of the herbicide, diuron, which is used to control weeds in crops such as sugarcane and citrus fruits.
Benzaldehyde is a versatile organic compound that finds numerous applications in various industries. It is used as an intermediate in the synthesis of various pharmaceuticals, fragrances, and flavorings. It is also used in the production of various agrochemicals. The characteristic almond-like odor of benzaldehyde makes it a popular choice in the fragrance and flavoring industry.