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Chemical Name 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde
Synonyms Protocatechualdehyde; 1,2-Dihydroxy-4-formylbenzene; 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde; 3,4-Dihydroxybenzenecarbonal; 4-Formyl-1,2-benzenediol; 4-Formyl-1,2-dihydroxybenzene; 4-Formylcatechol; NC 033; NSC 22961; Rancinamycin IV;
CAS Number 139-85-5
Molecular Formula C₇H₆O₃
Appearance Pale Beige to Beige Solid
Melting Point >152°C (dec.)
Molecular Weight 138.12
Storage -20°C, Hygroscopic
Solubility Methanol (Slightly), Water (Slightly, Heated)
Stability Hygroscopic
Category Standards; Food;
Applications 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde is a compound useful in organic synthesis used as a reactant in the preparation of flavonoids as antioxidants.

3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde: Everything You Need to Know


If you're searching for information about the chemical compound 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde, then you've come to the right place. This article aims to provide you with an in-depth understanding of this compound, including its properties, uses, and potential health benefits.

What is 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde?

3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde is a chemical compound with the molecular formula C7H6O3. It is also known as Protocatechuic aldehyde, and is a derivative of the phenol family. The compound is a white to pale-yellow crystalline solid with a sweet, vanilla-like odor.

##Properties of 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde

Physical Properties

  • Molecular Weight: 138.12 g/mol
  • Melting Point: 118-120 °C
  • Boiling Point: 296.5 °C
  • Density: 1.347 g/cm³

Chemical Properties

  • 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde is soluble in water, ethanol, and ether.
  • It is a reducing agent and can undergo oxidation and reduction reactions.
  • The compound can undergo condensation reactions with various compounds.

Uses of 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde

In the Food Industry

3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde is commonly used as a food additive and flavoring agent. It has a sweet, vanilla-like odor and can enhance the taste of many foods and beverages.

In the Pharmaceutical Industry

The compound has been studied for its potential health benefits and has been found to possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties. It has also been used in the synthesis of various pharmaceuticals.

In the Cosmetics Industry

3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde is used as an ingredient in many cosmetics and personal care products, including soaps, lotions, and shampoos. It is often added for its pleasant scent and skin-conditioning properties.

##Potential Health Benefits of 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde

Antioxidant Properties

Studies have shown that 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde possesses antioxidant properties that can help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. This may help reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and heart disease.

Anti-inflammatory Properties

The compound has also been found to possess anti-inflammatory properties. Inflammation is a natural response of the body to injury or infection, but chronic inflammation can lead to various health problems. Studies have shown that 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde can help reduce inflammation in the body, potentially reducing the risk of chronic diseases.

Anti-cancer Properties

Research has suggested that 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde may have anti-cancer properties. The compound has been shown to inhibit the growth of cancer cells in vitro, and studies on animals have shown promising results in reducing the growth of tumors.

FAQs about 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde

  1. Is 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde toxic?
    • 3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde has not been found to be toxic at normal levels of exposure. However, like many chemicals, it can be harmful if ingested or inhaled in large amounts.

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